The Manipuri Religion

The Manipuri Religion is said to be the oldest organized religion of south-east Asia.

Manipuri religion is Open, Universal in outlook and without any founder prophet or any holy book. The deeply philosophical Manipuri religion propounds  the universal concept of equality of mankind that all human made on the image of God, in other words all human are made equal since there is only one creator.

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Compilers Note:

This compilation mainly based on certain works on Meetei Religion and Faith by some eminent Manipuri scholars, including research works of some Indian writers and some foreign writers as well. Also several Meetei and Bishnupriya inhabited areas in Assam, Tripura and Bangladesh were surveyed to investigate the doctrines and practices of the people. I have discussed and taken interviews of more than 100 old members, members of social organizations, Manipuri Bamons, farmers, weavers, goldsmiths and custodians of sacred texts.

A limited attempt to set up a link between the traditional Manipuri Gods with Hindu Gods may be found in some works of Manipuri writers. The process of detection should be viewed with the facility of Hindu Gods to absorb and become identified with local Gods. The ideas have been taken up by those Manipuri writers who were involved to establish a Vedic or Hindu ancestry of them, the theories are also mentioned here along with the name of the writers/researchers name.


  1. Religious developments in Manipur in 18th and 19th century by Dr. M. Kirti Singha 1980
  2. Religion and Culture of Manipur by Dr. M. Kirti Singha, 1988
  3. The Religion of Manipur by Saroj Nalini Parratt, 1980
  4. My Experience in Manipur and Naga Hills by Johnstone, J. 1896
  5. The Meitheis by T.C. Hodson, Delhi, 1972
  6. The Naga Tribes of Manipur by T.C. Hodson, Delhi, 1982
  7. The Bishnupriya Manipuris by Dr. K.P. Sinha , 1984
  8. Prabondha Mala (part 1, Part 2 and part 3) Dr. K.P. Sinha , 1990
  9. An etymological Dictionary of Bishnupriya Manipuri by Dr. K.P. Sinha , 1978
  10. The Bishnupriya Manipuris &Their Language by Singha J.M. & Singha Birendra,1975
  11. Manipuri to Manipuri and English Dictionary by N. Khelachandra Singh, 1964
  12. The Religious Beleif of Ancient Manipur by W. Yumjao Singh, Imphal, 1st Edn.,1966
  13. An Early History of Manipur by W. Yamjao Singh, 1966
  14. Introduction to Manipur by L. Ibunghal Singh, 1987
  15. Manipur Itihas by Sri Atombapu Sharma, Part 2
  16. Traces of Pre-Hindu in Meitei society by Singh, K.B., 1964
  17. Khumal Puran by Pandit Navakhendra Sharma translated by Navadip Singha
  18. Bijoy Panchali - Edited by L. Mani singh and Shri Mangi Singh / part II 
  19. Cheitharol Kumbaba edited by L. Ibungohal Singh and N. Khelachandra Singh, Imphal 1967  
  20. Ningthourol Lambuba edited by O, Bhogeshwar Singh, Imphal 1967
  21. Oikhoi Meetei, Published by Meetei Marup,Imphal, 1965
  22. Meitei Ishei by Naoriya Phulo, Imphal,1980
  23. Meitei Puya Wari Machang by K.Dhana Singha, 1975